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Barish kumar samantaroy
All India Media Association

Barish kumar samantaroy.

Rahul Gandhi has been convicted and sentenced him to 2 years in jail in a criminal defamation case over his remark during the 2019 Lok Sabha election. Rahul Gandhi at a rally in Karnataka's Kolar wondered how come "all thieves have Modi as the common surname". Rahul Gandhi was present at the court when the verdict was announced. The Wayanad MP also got bail after the court pronounced the order after paying a bail bond of ₹10,000, The case against Rahul Gandhi was filed under Indian Penal Code Sections 499 and 500. Under Sections 499 and 500, a punishment with simple imprisonment for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine, or with both, are mentioned in the I.P.C.
Many orders are their and law is their to given relief to the convict members to continue as member and contest election ,But a latest order. Regards this type matter, Any elected representative who is sentenced for any offence for a period of two years or more faces immediate disqualification under the Representation of Peoples Act, 1951. One provision of the Act that
granted three months’ protection from disqualification was struck down in 2013 The Supreme Court had given a Judgement that from the court gives verdict of 2 years or more then 2 years then from the same point of time any member of loksabha, Rajyasabha or Vidhansabya his members get cancelled. Till final Judgement if the dismissed member has
Now the loksabha Secretariat will have to inform to Loksabha Speaker and Chief Election commissioner of India about the court Verdict. This a matter of 5 days to process after official verdict order copy is served to loksabha
Secretariat for further action.

So, Lets Wait and watch ...


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Barish Kumar Samantaroy.
Has the time already arrived to remove Rahul from Parliament:
'Rahul Gandhi has continuously tarnished the dignity of the Parliament and the country in other countries . Again has tl time come to expel him
from Lok Sabha membership .
BJP MP Nishikant Dubey. has written a letter to the Lok Sabha
Speaker complaining that such speech raises serious questions , So in
this situation a special committee should be formed to investigate and
Lok Sabha membership be cancelled.
Can Rahul Gandhi's membership be terminated?
Qns-1: What he said on the Britan tour, on which there has been an uproar?
Ans: He went on a tour of Britain in February and March this year. He
had said in the 'Learning to Listen in the 21st Century' program at
Cambridge University that all independent agencies in India have been captured and due to this democracy in the country is in danger.
He said that the voice of the people is being suppressed along with
the opposition in India. Be it Parliament, Courts, Press or Election
Commission, all have been controlled in one way or the other.
Qns 2: Objection of BJP on Rahul's statement ?
Ans2: The second phase of the budget session of Parliament began on
14 March. As soon as the session began, the BJP said that Rahul Gandhi
has continuously tarnished the dignity of the Parliament and the
country with his statements in Europe and America.
Qns-3: Can MPs suspension from the session, can the membership of any
MP be terminated?
Ans 3: Yes, membership of MPs can also be terminated. There is no rule to terminate membership in the constitution, but the House can
terminate the membership of any member by proposing.
1st Issue: Parliament membership of HG Mudgal was abolished in 1951
Congress leader HG Mudgal, a member of the Provisional Parliament
after independence, was accused of taking money for asking , Found
guilty and his membership was cancelled.
2nd issue, A Committee of 10 members was formed in the Parliament.
After investigation, the committee expelled Subramanian Swamy from the Rajya Sabha on November 15, 1976, declaring him guilty along with former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was accused of breach of privilege and contempt of the House.
JaiHind .. JaiBharat..

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Barish kumar samantaroy. Subramanian Swamy's plea states that “these transactions were made to benefit” only JC Flowers, “at the expense of” Yes Bank’s customers and shareholders and “are harmful to the economic well-being of the country and do not prioritise the recovery of public funds”. And DELHI HIGH COURT asks Centre, RBI to respond probe into Yes Bank's assets transfer.
The plea states that this transfer is connected to another transaction in which Yes Bank has acquired up to 19.9% stake in JC Flowers. The plea states that the petitioner is “worried, based on media reports, disclosures by Respondents No. 5 (JC Flowers), and certain legal provisions, that these transactions lack impartiality, attempt to bypass relevant laws, and are not in the best interest of the general public” who have accounts with Yes Bank “As per the information available in the public domain, the transactions involving the transfer of the distressed asset portfolio from Yes Bank to JC Flowers lack fairness, attempts to evade relevant laws, and do not serve the best interests of the general public who have accounts with Yes Bank,” the plea states.
The plea has been filed in the context of the transfer of a distressed asset portfolio worth Rs 48,000 crore from Yes Bank to JC Flowers last year.
The public interest litigation plea seeks a direction to the Centre, SEBI and RBI to formulate proper and comprehensive guidelines in accordance with the recommendations of the committee to check any such future transactions and to regulate the arrangements entered into between banks or other financial institutions and asset reconstruction companies.
“As per the information available in the public domain, the transactions involving the transfer of the distressed asset portfolio from Yes Bank to JC Flowers lack fairness, attempts to evade relevant laws, and do not serve the best interests of the general public who have accounts with Yes Bank,” the plea states.

The plea states that this transfer is connected to another transaction in which Yes Bank has acquired up to 19.9% stake in JC Flowers. The plea states that the petitioner is “worried, based on media reports, disclosures by Respondents No. 5 (JC Flowers), and certain legal provisions, that these transactions lack impartiality, attempt to bypass relevant laws, and are not in the best interest of the general public” who have accounts with Yes Bank.

JaiHind JaiBharat..

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18.03.2023, Bhubaneswar.
Barish kumar samantaroy

Crystals of Gautam Buddha's life.
Enlightening the World

Gautama Buddha's royal name was Siddhartha. He was the son of Suddhodhana, the Chief of Sakya clan of Kapilvastu in the Nepal Tarai area. He was born in 566 B.C. in the village of Lumbini a few miles from Kapilvastu. Siddhartha lost his mother at the time of his birth and was brought up by his aunt and step-mother.
His life story is divided into five stages: birth, insight, enlightenment, the first discourse and finally death.
He is one of the most important Asian thinkers and spiritual masters of all time, and he contributed to many areas of philosophy, including epistemology, metaphysics and ethics. The Buddha's teaching formed the foundation for Buddhist philosophy, initially developed in South Asia, then later in the rest of Asia.
The Eight Great Events are: the Birth of the Buddha, the Enlightenment, the First Sermon, the Parileyyakka Retreat (honey rice offering), the Taming of Nalagiri elephant, the Descent from Tavatimsa Heaven, the Miracle at Sravasti and the Parinirvana.
The main lesson of Buddha is
(1) The Noble Truth of Suffering (2) The Noble Truth of the Origin of Suffering (3) The Noble Truth of Cessation of Suffering (4) The Noble Truth of the Way leading to the Cessation of Suffering: The Noble Eightfold Path. Buddhism begins with the fact of suffering.
Buddha say about yoga tradition, with its focus on the inner self, was hence adopted by Buddhism. The common essence of both yoga and Buddhism is the attainment of enlightenment through discipline. Buddhism refers to this enlightenment or realisation as Nirvana.
Gautam Buddha do yoga
It is clear from biographical accounts of the Buddha that prior to his enlightenment he had studied with at lneast two teachers— Uddaka Rāmaputta (Pāli; Sanskrit: Udraka Rāmaputra) was a sage and teacher of meditation identified by the Buddhist tradition as one of the teachers of Gautama Buddha and Arada Kalama—who taught some form of Upanishadic Yoga, which he mastered readily.

JaiHind , JaiBharat..

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17.03.2023, Bhubaneswar. Barish kumar samantaroy A TEAM OF ARCHAEOLOGISTS OPENED THE GRAVE TOMB OF JESUS. First Time in Century. Jesus was a Jew. He was born of a Jewish mother, in Galilee, a Jewish part of the world. Joseph to be a true father in every way except biological, since Joseph was the legal father who raised Jesus All of his friends, associates, colleagues, disciples, all of them were Jews. He regularly worshipped in Jewish communal worship, what we call synagogues. Jesus' name in Hebrew was “Yeshua” which translates to English as Joshua. As Histrocial and the Bible records He (Jesus) spent six years in Puri and Rajgir, near Nalanda, the ancient seat of Hindu learning. Bethlehem lies 10 kilometres south of the city of Jerusalem, in the fertile limestone hill country of the Holy Land. Since at least the 2nd century AD people have believed that the place where the Church of the Nativity, Bethlehem, now stands is where Jesus was born. Jesus died around Passover, between A.D. 29 and 34. Considering Jesus' varying chronology, he was 33 to 40 years old at his time of death. Jesus died, therefore, on Friday, April 3, AD 33 at about 3 p.m., a few hours before the beginning of Passover day and the Sabbath. This is the date in the Julian calendar, which had been introduced in 45 BC, and follows the convention that historical dates adhere to the calendar in use at the time. This day is called Good friday When was Jesus actually born 2000 years ago 500 years after Gautam Buddha . Using these methods, most scholars assume a date of birth between 6 and 4 BC, and that Jesus' preaching began around AD 27-29 and lasted one to three years. They calculate the death of Jesus as having taken place between AD 30 and 36. The date of birth of Jesus is not stated in the gospels or in any historical sources, but most biblical scholars generally accept a date of birth between 6 BC and 4 BC, the year in which King Herod died. Jesus' real name in Hebrew was "Yeshua" which translates to English as Joshua. Jesus' earthly father was St. Joseph, The language did Jesus speak was Aramaic . The values Jesus Christ taught in the New Testament can be summed up in two thoughts—love God and love others. Here is a sampling of values that are presented in the Word of God: Generosity – This is the core Christian value of being kind and unselfish, especially with our money and time. But Jesus or Christian the Bible Never thought by money, Domination and mainly to illiterate peoples or for financial support get converted into Christianity and other relgions, But this till date has happened and also happening in INDEPENDENT India now from the time British , French etc started coming to India more the 500 years or above and till date religion conversation is going in rural and tribal parts of India. No Religion ever preached Converting other religion people to own religion. Yet some news is coming that the present government is doing to a full stop to all this , But it felt by people 99% is left to done as early possible, Otherwise local majority religion will be convert to others religions in maximum of 200 years . Truly.. All religions saying , Belief in your Religion and also respect Other

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16.03.2023. भुवनेश्वर।
बरिश कुमार सामंतरॉय.
कैश निकासी पर टीडीएस: एक्सपर्ट्स का कहना है कि इनकम रिटर्न (आईटीआर) फाइल करें। इसका असर नकद निकासी पर भी पड़ता है।कैश निकासी पर टीडीएस: ऑनलाइन पेमेंट का दौर अब खत्म हो चुका है। लेकिन फिर भी बहुत से लोग नकद में सौदा करते हैं। जाहिर है, आपको नकद भुगतान करना होगा। इसके लिए आप बैंक से कैश निकाल लें। लेकिन क्या आप जानते हैं कि एक निश्चित सीमा के बाद नकद निकासी पर आपको टीडीएस देना पड़ सकता है। आयकर अधिनियम की धारा 194 एन के तहत नकद निकासी पर टीडीएस 1 सितंबर 2019 या वित्त वर्ष 2019-2020 से लागू है।वार्षिक नकद निकासी सीमाटीडीएस एक्ट की धारा (194एन धारा 194एन) के तहत अगर कोई व्यक्ति एक वित्त वर्ष के दौरान कुल 20 लाख रुपये से अधिक की राशि नकद निकालता है तो उसे टीडीएस का भुगतान करना होता है। यह भी ध्यान दें कि यह सीमा तब लागू होती है जब उसने पिछले लगातार तीन आकलन वर्षों से आयकर रिटर्न दाखिल नहीं किया है।आयकर की आधिकारिक वेबसाइट के अनुसार, अगर किसी व्यक्ति ने पिछले तीन आकलन वर्षों में सभी या कोई भी आयकर रिटर्न दाखिल किया है, तो यदि वह एक वित्तीय वर्ष में कुल मिलाकर 1 करोड़ रुपये से अधिक की नकदी निकालता है, तो उसे नकदी पर टीडीएस का भुगतान करना होगा। भुगतान करना होगानकद पर टीडीएस कौन काट सकता हैबैंक या डाकघर निर्धारित सीमा से अधिक नकदी निकालने पर टीडीएस काटते हैं। यह तब कटता है जब किसी वित्तीय वर्ष में बैंक या पोस्ट ऑफिस में उस व्यक्ति के खाते से 20 लाख से 1 करोड़ रुपये से अधिक की नकदी निकाली जाती है। जी हां, अगर आप केंद्रीय या राज्य कर्मचारी हैं, बैंक हैं, पोस्ट ऑफिस हैं, किसी बैंक के बिजनेस कॉरेस्पोंडेंट हैं, किसी बैंक के व्हाइट लेवल एटीएम के संचालक हैं या आरबीआई की सलाह पर सरकार द्वारा अधिसूचित व्यक्ति हैं तो उसे टीडीएस नहीं देना होगा।कितना टीडीएस काटा जाता हैयदि नकद निकासी करने वाले व्यक्ति ने पिछले तीनों आकलन वर्षों के लिए आयकर रिटर्न (आईटीआर) दाखिल किया है, तो 1 करोड़ रुपये से अधिक की नकद निकासी पर 2% की दर से टीडीएस काटा जाएगा।इसके अलावा 20 लाख रुपये से अधिक की नकद निकासी पर टीडीएस 2% और 1 करोड़ रुपये से अधिक की निकासी पर 5% की कटौती की जाएगी, यदि नकद निकासी व्यक्ति ने पिछले तीन वर्षों में से किसी भी वर्ष के लिए आईटीआर दाखिल नहीं किया है।जय हिंद जय भारत..

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Barish kumar Samantaroy.
TDS on cash withdrawal: Experts say that file Income Return (ITR). This also has an effect on cash withdrawals.
TDS on cash withdrawal: The era of online payment is now over. But still many people deal in cash. Obviously you have to pay cash. For this you withdraw cash from the bank. But do you know that you may have to pay TDS on cash withdrawal after a certain limit. TDS on cash withdrawal under section 194N of the Income Tax Act is applicable from 1st September 2019 or from the financial year 2019-2020.
Annual cash withdrawal limit
Under section (194N section 194N of TDS Act) of the TDS Act, if a person withdraws a total amount of more than 20 lakh rupees in cash during a financial year, then he has to pay TDS. Also note that this limit is applicable if he has not filed income tax return for the last three consecutive assessment years.
According to the official website of Income Tax, if a person has filed all or any of the Income Tax Returns in the last three assessment years, then if he withdraws cash in aggregate more than Rs 1 crore in a financial year, then he will have to pay TDS on the cash. Will have to pay, Who can deduct TDS on cash, Banks or post offices deduct TDS for withdrawing cash in excess of the prescribed limit. It is deducted when cash is withdrawn from the account of that person in the bank or post office in a financial year, more than 20 lakh to 1 crore rupees. Yes, if you are a central or state employee, a bank, a post office, a business correspondent of a bank, an operator of a white level ATM of a bank or a person notified by the government on the advice of RBI, then he does not have to pay TDS.
How much TDS is deducted
TDS at the rate of 2% will be deducted on cash withdrawals above Rs 1 crore if the cash withdrawal person has filed Income Tax Return (ITR) for any or all three previous assessment years.
Apart from this, TDS will be deducted at 2% on cash withdrawal above Rs 20 lakh and 5% on withdrawal of more than Rs 1 crore if the cash withdrawal person has not filed ITR for any of the last three years.
JaiHind, JaiBharat

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15.03.2023.Bhubaneswar. Barish kumar samantaroy.
भोपाल गैस त्रासदी : सुप्रीम कोर्ट ने यूसीसी से अतिरिक्त मुआवजे की मांग की केंद्र की क्यूरेटिव याचिका खारिज की
भोपाल गैस त्रासदी : सुप्रीम कोर्ट ने यूसीसी से अतिरिक्त मुआवजे की मांग की केंद्र की क्यूरेटिव याचिका खारिज की
सुप्रीम कोर्ट की एक संविधान पीठ ने मंगलवार को भोपाल गैस त्रासदी के पीड़ितों के लिए अतिरिक्त मुआवजे का दावा करने के लिए यूनियन कार्बाइड कॉरपोरेशन (अब डॉऊ केमिकल्स) के साथ समझौता फिर से शुरू करने की मांग वाली केंद्र द्वारा दायर क्यूरेटिव याचिका को खारिज कर दिया।
अदालने नोट किया कि समझौते को केवल धोखाधड़ी के आधार पर रद्द किया जा सकता है, लेकिन भारत संघ द्वारा धोखाधड़ी का कोई आधार नहीं दिया गया है। हालांकि, न्यायालय ने निर्देश दिया कि आरबीआई के पास पड़ी 50 करोड़ रुपये की राशि का केंद्र सरकार द्वारा लंबित दावों को पूरा करने के लिए उपयोग किया जाना चाहिए, यदि कोई हो।
जस्टिस एस के कौल, जस्टिस संजीव खन्ना, जस्टिस ए एस ओक, जस्टिस विक्रम नाथ और जस्टिस जे के माहेश्वरी ने 12 जनवरी 2023 को फैसला सुरक्षित रख लिया था।
न्यायालय ने नोट किया कि केंद्र सरकार सुप्रीम कोर्ट के निर्देश के अनुसार स्वयं बीमा पॉलिसी लेने में विफल रही -
"मुआवजे में कमी को पूरा करने की जिम्मेदारी भारत संघ की थी। बीमा पॉलिसी लेने में विफलता संघ की ओर से घोर लापरवाही है और इस न्यायालय के फैसले का उल्लंघन है। संघ इस पहलू पर लापरवाही नहीं कर सकता और यूसीसी पर जिम्मेदारी तय करने के लिए इस अदालत से प्रार्थना नहीं कर सकता।"

इसमें जोड़ा गया,

"हम दो दशकों के बाद इस मुद्दे को उठाने के लिए कोई तर्क प्रस्तुत नहीं करने के लिए भारत संघ से असंतुष्ट हैं।" न्यायालय ने कहा कि टॉप अप मुआवजे के लिए संघ की याचिका का कानूनी सिद्धांत में कोई आधार नहीं है। पीठ ने कहा, "या तो एक समझौता वैध है, या इसे धोखाधड़ी के आधार पर समाप्त किया जाना है। भारत संघ द्वारा इस तरह की किसी भी धोखाधड़ी की वकालत नहीं की गई है।"

कोर्ट ने कहा कि संघ का स्टैंड यह है कि कमिश्नर ने कानून के मुताबिक सभी दावों का फैसला किया है। इसके अलावा, 2004 में समाप्त हुई कार्यवाही में यह स्वीकार किया गया कि राशि वास्तविक आवश्यकताओं को पूरा करने के लिए पर्याप्त है। इस प्रकार दावेदारों को उचित मुआवजे से अधिक का भुगतान किया गया। यह इस स्थिति को पुष्ट करता है कि समझौता राशि पर्याप्त थी।
पीठ ने यह भी कहा कि यूसीसी का मामला यह था कि राज्य और संघ साइट को डिटॉक्स करने में विफल रहे जिससे समस्याएं बढ़ गईं। किसी भी मामले में, यह वृद्धि की मांग करने का आधार नहीं हो सकता है।
फैसले की विस्तृत प्रति अभी अपलोड की जानी है।

तीन दिनों की अवधि में, पीठ ने केंद्र सरकार की ओर से भारत के अटार्नी जनरल आर वेंकटरमनी ; संगठनों और आपदा के पीड़ितों का प्रतिनिधित्व कर रहे एडवोकेट करुणा नंदी और सीनियर एडवोकेट, संजय पारिख की दलीलों को सुना। उनकी दलीलों का सीनियर एडवोकेट हरीश साल्वे ने विरोध किया, जो डॉऊ केमिकल्स के लिए पेश हुए।
बिल्कुल शुरूआत में , पीठ ने क्यूरेटिव याचिकाओं के दायरे के बारे में सवाल उठाए थे और चिंता व्यक्त की थी कि ऐसा प्रतीत होता है कि केंद्र सरकार 1989 में बहुत पहले हुए समझौते को फिर से खोलने या जोड़ने की मांग कर रही है। अटॉर्नी जनरल ने मुआवजे की राशि की अपर्याप्तता और बाद के घटनाक्रमों के आलोक में इसे संशोधित करने की आवश्यकता का संकेत देकर सरकार के रुख का बचाव किया। जज इस बात से चकित थे कि केंद्र सरकार को यह महसूस करने में 25 साल लग गए कि 1989 में निर्धारित मुआवजा अपर्याप्त था। जस्टिस कौल ने कहा कि 1989 में जब समझौता हुआ था तो यह कॉरपोरेशन और भारत सरकार के बीच था न कि असमानों के बीच, इसलिए उत्पीड़न की कोई गुंजाइश नहीं हो सकती थी। सुनवाई के दौरान विभिन्न बिंदुओं पर न्यायाधीशों द्वारा इस बात पर जोर दिया गया कि मुआवजे का एक हिस्सा, जो कि 50 करोड़ 25 लाख रुपये है, अभी भी भारतीय रिजर्व बैंक के पास पड़ा हुआ है।

साल्वे ने पीठ को अवगत कराया कि क्यूरेटिव याचिका में केंद्र सरकार की दलीलें मूल मुकदमे में उठाए गए मुद्दे के दायरे से बाहर चली गई हैं। उन्होंने स्पष्ट रूप से बताया कि राहत और पुनर्वास और जहरीले कचरे के निपटान का मुद्दा वाद का हिस्सा नहीं था। हालांकि, अटॉर्नी ने आपदा की अभूतपूर्व प्रकृति को देखते हुए न्यायपीठ से जोरदार मुआवजा देने The court said the issue could not be "raked up three decades after the settlement". Thousands of people died after a leak from Union Carbide's plant in the Madhya Pradesh state capita आग्रह किया।

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11.03.2023, Bhubaneswar.
Barish kumar samantaroy.

On Republic day 2021on the ramparts of the Red Fort, a
Mughal-era monument. Nishan Sahib, a saffron-coloured flag with a
two-edged dagger as its central motif, is a religious flag that
belongs to the Sikh community. But single act by farmer-led protesters
has multiple political connotations packed. First, the Red Fort is the
site of the national address the Indian prime minister delivers every
Independence Day. The Indian flag is also ceremoniously unfurled.
Second, a religious flag was hoisted below, but close to the Indian
flag. And third, it happened on a day that India celebrates its
But unlike the far-right flags that were seen during the insurrection
at Capitol Hill, The Sikh community considers the Nishan Sahib, also
known as the khalsa flag, sacred to its belief.The fear that the
religious flag could instead be a separatist one led commentators and
political leaders to believe that this act of defiance was a danger to
democracy.on Jan. 26, when the Nishan Sahib went up at the Red Fort
during protests that took a violent turn, the Khalistani tag was back.
As was the vilification of Sikhs for supporting “terror” groups.
They entered the iconic Red Fort and hoisted flags from some domes and
from a flagstaff, on the ramparts of the fort, used to unfurl the
tricolour on Independence Day. But claimed that the tricolour was
replaced. But he added that the one hoisted was a flag of farmers’
union or religious sect.
As part of their tractor rally planned on Republic Day, farmers
entered Delhi from Singhu and Ghazipur borders amid high security. But
the protesters soon deviated from the designated route and the protest
turned violent, with the police lobbing tear gas shells and resorting
to lathi charge. A Group farmers gathered outside the Delhi Police
headquarters at ITO, while many others reached the Red Fort.
Man who ‘planted Sikh flag on Red Fort’ gets interim protection
from Delhi court.The court also said that the accused would be
entitled to the benefits of the Supreme Court directives on fresh
arrests amid the Covid-19 pandemic.It was decided that the protesters
will enter Delhi but remain in areas near the border from the three
entry points. Several protesting groups, however, veered off the
course and were met with police lathi charge and tear gas shells.
But statements came the just that it was the wrong flag. The political
and the spiritual hurt. But All their Activates are on (National
Investigation Agency) NIA and Research and Analysis wings (R&AW)
Rador. .. What's next .. ? ?

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Barish Kumar Samantaroy.
Khalistan, means (Punjabi: Khālistān, “Land of the Khālsā,”
meaning “pure”) in Sikh political ideology, autonomous Sikh homeland.
Table of Content behind Khalistan is Jagjit Singh Chohan Jagjit
Singh Chohan (1929 – 4 April 2007) was the founder of the Khalistan
Movement that sought to create an independent Sikh state in the Punjab
region of Indian subcontinent. Chohan established the Council of
Khalistan at Anandpur Sahib on 12 April 1980 and became its first
self‐styled president.
Khalistan is made, it would avert the possibility of a nuclear
war in the South Asia, as the present geopolitical scenario presses
the need for such an arrangement,” he said.
Khalistan now isISI had taken the help of Khalistan Liberation
Force led by Harminder Singh Nihang and Harmeet Singh, reported to be
living in Pakistan under ISI cover.
The Khalistan movement started as the Sikh separatist movement
to create a separate sovereign state called Khalistan (Land of the
Khalsa) which would be the homeland of the Sikhs. They wanted to
develop their state in Punjab which includes both India and
Sikhs, followers of the Sikh religion, centered in Punjab State,
in northwestern India. Sikhism is an ethical monotheism fusing
elements of Hinduism and Islam. It was founded by Nanak (1469-1539), a
mystic who believed that God transcends religious distinctions.
The Khalistan issue refers to a Sikh separatist movement that
seeks to establish a Sikh homeland within the Punjab region. The
proposed state would consist of land that currently forms Punjab,
India and Punjab, Pakistan. The Khalistan issue came to a head in
1983 when a religious militant leader Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale
seized the Golden Temple with his armed followers. This prompted Prime
Minister Indira Gandhi to launch ‘Operation Blue Star’ that resulted
in the deaths of Bhindranwale and his followers and massive damage to
the Golden Temple. In the aftermath, PM Indira Gandhi was assassinated
by her own Sikh bodyguards. In the 1990s, the insurgency petered out
and the movement failed to reach its objective for multiple reasons
including a heavy police crackdown on separatists, factional
infighting, and disillusionment from the Sikh population..
Continued …Next
JaiHind !! JaiBharat ..

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09.03.2023, Bhubaneswar.
Barish Kumar Samantaroy.
On the 7th March 2023 A Big news came after the market closed on
Adani Enterprises – NSE took a big decision.
The National Stock Exchange (NSE) has today decided to remove its
stock from the list of additional monitoring, giving relief to Adani
Enterprises. Along with this, the restrictions imposed on the trading
of stocks due to this will be removed. NSE has removed Adani
Enterprises from the Short Term Additional Surveillance Measures (ASM)
framework. In view of the large scale selling in the shares of Adani
Enterprises, it was put in ASM. It has been said in the circular that
after about a month this stock will be out of the framework from
The controversial report released by short seller Hindenburg
Research in late January against the Adani group had dented the shares
massively and investors suffered huge losses in a month. The market
value of Adani Group's shares had suffered a loss of at least 50 per
MEGA RISING OF STOCKS - The stock of Adani Enterprises is
witnessing a tremendous growth since two days. Even today, the stock
saw a rise of more than 5 percent. By the close of the market today,
the company's stock closed at Rs 1,982.85 with a gain of 5.51 per
Additional Surveillance Measures (ASM)- MEANING --- Is made tp
protect investors from short selling or speculative trades during
periods of high volatility in stocks, exchanges move stocks to the
short-term or short-term additional surveillance framework. Additional
Surveillance is an initiative of M/s SEBI and the Exchanges designed
to enhance confidence in the market and protect the interests of
Really a very good news for the country and Investors to relax and
all sure mood of rising of share prices and recover. As many time of
blame games was continuing from the starting from the Hindenburg
Research which is artificial to put pressure ,
The opposition of the country and many others continued to blame
game policy as elections are around year to give the voters a
negative thoughts about the government India. BUT WHICH DID NOT WORK OUT .

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08.03.2023. Bhubaneswar.
Barish kumar samantaroy.
2014 month of March, HAL and Dassault signed a work share agreement to manage licensed manufacture. But deal was on hold till after the the Indian general election in April–May 2014, the National Democratic Alliance led by Bharatiya Janata Party took control of the government.
In 2015, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced the New Refined landmark defense deal with French aviation company Dassault to buy 36 Rafale fighter jets to refurbish India's rusting air force.
At Ambala first batch of 'game-changing' Rafale fighter jets had landed at Ambala, and inducted into the Indian Air Force, officials have said. The All Rafale jets left the Merignac airbase in French port city of Bordeaux on Monday, and arrived in India after covering a distance of nearly 7,000 km.
India receives all 36 Rafale aircraft from France with last one landing in country on December 15.15-Dec-2022.
Rafale is fitted with two Snecma M88 engines, each capable of providing up to 50 kilonewtons (11,000 pounds-force) of dry thrust and 75 kN (17,000 lbf) with afterburners.
The speciality of the Dassault Rafale Jet is armed with an extensive arsenal and designed to carry out air superiority, interdiction, aerial surveillance, ground support, in-depth attack, anti-ship strike, and nuclear deterrence missions. According to Dassault, the Rafale is an “omnirole” aircraft.

All my Goodwishes to all in this festivals of colours Holi..

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Barish kumar samantaroy.
The 2023 G20 Delhi summit is the upcoming eighteenth meeting of Group of Twenty (G20), a summit scheduled to take place in Pragati Maidan, New Delhi in 2023.
the theme of G20 2023 summit.
Below the G20 logo is “Bharat”, written in the Devanagari script. The theme of India's G20 Presidency - “Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam” or “One Earth. One Family. One Future” - is drawn from the ancient Sanskrit text of the Maha Upanishad
India holds the Presidency of the G20 from December 1, 2022 to November 30, 2023. The 43 Heads of Delegations- the largest ever in G20-will be participating in the final New Delhi Summit in September.
India to host G20 Summit in Sept 2023, hold over 200 meetings during its Presidency
The Group of Twenty (G20) comprises 19 countries (Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Türkiye, United Kingdom and United States) and the European Union and and the UAE will be the “guest countries” at the event, the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) announced on September 13.
VcVasudhaiva Kutumbakam, or “One Earth, One Family, One Future,” is the recently unveiled theme for India’s G20 year. It is based on Sanskrit scriptures and emphasises the interconnectedness of various forms of life, including humans, animals, plants, and microorganisms, as well as their significance both on Earth and in the larger cosmos.
This G20 Summit is going to be landmark in India's Infulence as Real world leader in PM Narendra Modi Leadership.
JaiHind , JaiBharat .

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06.03.2023, Bhubaneswar.
Barish kumar samantaroy.
Indian troops near at the border with China.

Relations between India and China have been worsening. The two world powers are facing off against each other along their disputed border in the Himalayan region.
The Tension root cause is an ill-defined, 3,440km (2,100-mile)-long disputed border Rivers, lakes and snowcaps along the frontier mean the line can shift, bringing soldiers face to face at many points, sparking a confrontation.
The two nations are also competing to build infrastructure along the border, which is also known as the Line of Actual Control. India's construction of a new road to a high-altitude air base is seen as one of the main triggers for a deadly 2020 clash with Chinese troops.
The situation is bad Despite military-level talks, tensions continue. In December 2022 troops clashed for the first time in more than a year.
It happened near the Tawang sector of Arunachal Pradesh state, the eastern tip of India. Some soldiers suffered minor injuries.
De-escalation work has taken place since a major clash in June 2020. The Galwan Valley battle - fought with sticks and clubs, not guns - was the first fatal confrontation between the two sides since 1975.
Kashmir map
In September 2021, China accused India of firing shots at its troops. India accused China of firing into the air.
The military stand-off is mirrored by growing political tension, which has strained ties between Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Chinese President Xi Jinping.
NOW China is in back foot after India's rising to top in the world seniaro.

// JaiHind JaiBharat //

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05.03.2023, Bhubaneswar, Barish kumar samantaroy, An Indian submarine has, for the first time ever, docked in Indonesia, which is among the countries locked in a maritime dispute with China in the contentious South China Sea, as part of the continuing overall diplomatic-military outreach to Asean countries.
The 3,000-tonne diesel-electric submarine, INS Sindhukesari, reached Jakarta for the ‘maiden operational turnaround’ after transiting through the Sunda Strait on Wednesday. “Indian warships often visit Indonesia and other Asean countries. This first long-range deployment of a submarine underlines the operational capability and reach of the country’s underwater combat arm as well,” a senior official told.
Chinese submarines use the Malacca, Lombok, or Sunda Straits to reach the Indian Ocean. The Sunda Straits are very shallow, with a mean depth of 50 meters. Sandbanks, the presence of oil platforms in the Sunda shelf, and the active presence of fishing vessels render it difficult to navigate in these waters. The Lombok Strait is deep enough for submarines to proceed in the normal mode of navigation. In the case of the Malacca Strait, to ensure navigation safety Chinese submarines have to navigate on the surface. The submarines are often accompanied by submarine-tender ships, a giveaway for the presence of the Chinese submarine.
India needs to strengthen its underwater domain capability and requires a fresh rethink on the concept of undersea warfare to deal with the emerging underwater threat from China in the Indian Ocean.
India has been working on bolstering its maritime capability with a focus on the Indian Ocean in the backdrop of concerns over China's growing forays into the region, considered the backyard.
The Project-75 includes indigenous construction of six submarines of Scorpene designs.
On 23 January, the fifth submarine of the scorpene-class, Vagir, will be commissioned by the Indian Navy, according to announcements made on Thursday. As China has been stepping up its footprint in the Indian Ocean region, the commissioning of the submarine constructed under Project-75 has Already to strengthen the Navy's unstoppable combat capability and strengthened With unbeatable supersonic short distance missiles with range of 300 miles.

JaiHind , JaiBharat...

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04.03.2023, Bhubaneswar, Barish kumar samantaroy,
The announcement that these three districts contain gold deposits were made in the Legislature on Monday, much to the surprise of the residents of Keonjhar, Mayurbhanj, and Deogarh.

Steel and Mines Minister Prafulla Mallik informed the state parliament on Monday that gold mines have been discovered in a number of locations across three districts of Odisha. "The studies of the Directorate of Mines and Geological Survey Of India (GSI) revelation the presence of Gold reserves in three districts namely Deogarh, Keonjhar, and Mayurbhanj," the Minister said in response to a written question from MLA from Dhenkanal Sudhir Kumar Samal.

Gold deposits can be found at the Keonjhar district's Dimirimunda, Kushakala, Gotipur, and Gopur; the Mayurbhanj district's Joshipur, Suriaguda, Ruansila, and Dhushura Hill; and the Deogarh district's Adas region. (Also Read: Latest FD Rates 2023: Check List Of Bank Offering Highest Return On Fixed Deposits)

In actuality, the 1980s saw the first survey for the gold resource in the Keonjhar district. The Geological Survey of India (GSI) had carried out the survey in places like Kushakala, Goppur, and Jaladiha villages under Taramakant and Nayakote Panchayats in Keonjhar district's Banasapal block using the technologies available at the time. The survey's results, nevertheless, remained a secret.
Then, in 2021–2022, the GSI conducted another study in those areas in the Keonjhar district using the most up-to-date technologies. The GSI authorities remained mum about the survey's findings at that time as well.

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03.03.2023, Bhubaneswar, Barish kumar samantaroy,
C YES YES Vedanta in Major trouble About a year ago, Anil Agarwal was thinking about merging Vedanta Resources (Anil Agarwal’s once-London-listed company) with its cash-rich Mumbai-listed unit Vedanta Limited. However, that plan didn’t go anywhere.

Vedanta Resources managed to reduce its debt burden from almost $10 billion in March to a little under $ 8 billion. With the listed unit declaring a dividend last month, its parent and majority shareholder is “highly likely” to meet its obligations until September 2023.

The trouble started when Agarwal tried to secure the finances for $1.5 billion in loan and bond repayments between September this year and January 2024 The next few weeks are crucial for fundraising. If the company fails, the issuer will issue a B- credit rating and the already deep-in-the-junk- bond category would come under pressure. He said company Vedanta Ltd share price has been nose-diving since the past four sessions. It fell 8.84% on Tuesday to reach an intraday low of ₹ 261.95 apiece. The company’s shares were trading at ₹ 268.20 apiece, down 6.66% at 03:12 PM.

Market experts say that there is selling pressure on Vedanta’s share due to a roadblock in its acquisition of state-owned Hindustan Zinc and a sharp rise in the US dollar that led to the depreciation of Vedanta bond yield to ‘junk’ levels. They said that the company is facing a repayment crisis due to a fall in Vedanta’s bond yield in global markets. The government, which still holds about 30% stake in Hindustan Zinc opposed the transaction. “We would urge the company to explore other cashless methods for acquisition of these assets,” the Indian government said. In addition, it threatened the company that it would explore legal avenues if Hindustan Zinc still decided to go ahead with the purchase. Due to steep rise in US dollar rate in forex market, Vedanta bond yield has gone down,” said Anuj Gupta, Vice President — Research at IIFL Securities.

He added that as of 31st December 2022, around 99.99 percent of the promoters’ share in Vedanta had been pledged and hence is a big challenge for the company to generate additional money to meet its financial requirement arising in near future.

Anil Agarwal had started buying Hindustan Zinc from the Government two days ago on a privatization deal. The company has a cash pile of & 2 billion and it garners between $ 300 million and $ 600 million EBITDA per quarter. Vedanta Ltd currently owns 65% of the firm, decided in January to offload THL Zinc Ltd. Mauritius to Hindustan Zinc. The debt-laded Vedanta Resources owns Vedanta, and it would have taken care of the former’s liquidity needs.
So, What's NEXT ?

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02.03.2023, Bhubaneswar,
Barish kumar samantaroy
New Delhi: Defence Minister Rajnath Singh’s recent statement reaffirming New Delhi’s resolve to reclaim Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK) has pressed a panic button in both Pakistan and China. What has given Islamabad and Beijing more jitters is a Srinagar based senior Indian Army Commander’s remarks that “We will not look back once given orders”. Again another message from Rajnath, “Dhairya rakhiye,” (be patient) as some people in his public meeting shouted they want Pakistan Occupied Kashmir (PoK). The developments that took place during Pakistan Prime Minister Shehbaz Sharif’s recently wrapped-up visit to Beijing betray the nervousness that the two countries are having after the tough ‘PoK’ statements from India.
Northern Army Commander Lt General Upendra Dwivedi on Tuesday said the Indian Army is ready to execute orders like taking back Pakistan-occupied Kashmir.
As far as the Indian Army is concerned, it will carry out any order given by the Government of India. Whenever such orders are given, we will always be ready for it," said Lt Gen Upendra Dwivedi, Northern Army Commander, on the Defence Minister's statement of taking back PoK.
The military is always ready to make sure that ceasefire understanding is never broken as it is in the interest of both nations, but if broken at any time, we will give them a befitting reply," said Dwivedi, Northern Army Commander on the ceasefire agreement between India and Pakistan.
"The country has over 50 per cent of people below the age of 25. If we take them in as Agniveers, teach them and send them back, we will absorb some, others by paramilitary, and police forces and the remaining can be self-employed," he stated.
We have almost 160 terrorists sitting at the launchpad of which there are 130 north of Pir Panjal and 30 south of Pir Panjal. As for the complete hinterland, a total of 82 Pakistani terrorists and 53 local terrorists are there," he further stated.
Earlier on October 28, Defence Minister Rajnath Singh reiterated New Delhi's resolve to take back PoK, saying all refugees would get their land and homes back.
JaiHind /// JaiBharat

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Here’s for you to know all about ‘Agneepath Scheme’
The Union Cabinet on 14 June had approved a recruitment scheme for Indian youth to serve in the Armed Forces. The scheme is called AGNEEPATH and the youth selected under this scheme will be known as Agniveers.
AGNEEPATH allows patriotic and motivated youth to serve in the Armed Forces for a period of four years.
and focus that would be adequately skilled and will be able to contribute in other sectors. The dividends of a short military service to the nation, society and the youth of the nation are immense.
Who are Agniveers?
The youth joining the armed forces under Agnipath scheme will be known as Agniveers.
Agniveers will be given an attractive customised monthly package along with Risk and Hardship allowances as applicable in the three services. On completion of the engagement period of four years, Agniveers will be paid one time ‘SevaNidhi’ package which shall comprise their contribution including accrued interest thereon and matching contribution from the Government equal to the accumulated amount of their contribution including interest as indicated below:
Year Customised Package (Monthly) In Hand (70%) Contribution to Agniveer Corpus Fund (30%) Contribution to corpus fund by GoI
All figures in Rs (Monthly Contribution)
1st Year 30000 21000 9000 9000
2nd Year 33000 23100 9900 9900
3rd Year 36500 25580 10950 10950
4th Year 40000 28000 12000 12000
Total contribution in Agniveer Corpus Fund after four years Rs 5.02 Lakh Rs 5.02 Lakh
Exit After 4 Year Rs 11.71 Lakh as SevaNidhi Package
(Including, interest accumulated on the above amount as per the applicable interest rates would also be paid)
The “Seva Nidhi” will be exempt from Income Tax. There shall be no entitlement to gratuity and pensionary benefits. Agniveers will be provided non-contributory Life Insurance Cover of Rs 48 lakh for the duration of their engagement period in the Indian Armed Forces.
During this period of service to the nation, the Agniveers will be imparted with various military skills and experience, discipline, physical fitness, leadership qualities, courage and patriotism.
Agneepath Explained
Post this stint of four years, the Agniveers will be infused into the civil society where they can contribute immensely towards the nation building process. The skills gained by each Agniveer will be recognised in a certificate to form part of his unique resume.
Agniveers, on completion of the four-year tenure in the prime of their youth, will be mature and self-disciplined with the realisation to become better version of himself/herself both professionally as also personally.
The avenues and opportunities that will open up for their progress in the civil world after Agniveer tenure would certainly be a big plus towards nation building.
Why is agneepath so important?
The 'Agneepath' scheme opens the way for the recruitment of about 46,000 soldiers into the Army, Navy, and Air Force in the first year. A unique opportunity for the youth to serve the country and contribute to Nation Building. Armed Forces profile to be youthful and dynamic.
What is the main aim of Agneepath?
Agnipath Scheme) is a tour of duty style scheme introduced by the Government of India on 14 June 2022, for recruitment of soldiers below the rank of commissioned officers into the three services of the armed forces. All recruits will be hired only for a four year period.
What benefits will the Agniveers enjoy after retirement? Those who wish to be entrepreneurs will get help securing business loans. Those who want to study further will get a certificate equivalent to Class 12. For further studies, the government will also arrange for bridging courses.

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27.02.2023, Bhubaneswar,
TRAGEDY, Ukraine returned medical students future hang in uncertainty.
The Russian invasion of Ukraine in
February 2022 posed challenges for Indian medical students who flew Ukarine for their medical journey. About 16,000 medical students were stranded in war-torn Ukraine. Following this, the Government of India (Gol) initiated the 'Operation Ganga' programme to evacuate all Indian medical students and bring them home safely. Post the return of these students their medical careers have been in jeopardy as the sudden
shift to India has left thousands of these medical students in a state of confusion. The students have raised several concerns regarding the validity of degree certificates, online classes, university exams, and internship opportunities. To communicate these difficulties, the students filed Public Interest Litigation (PIL) in the Supreme Court seeking directions on the issue of admission and continuation of studies in the country. The petition also sought an appropriate direction upon the respondents to provide adequate. infrastructure/ academic and financial support for the continuation of medical education of the evacuated Indian students from Ukraine. Experts' views on the situation Accommodation of Ukraine-returned medical students in Indian medical colleges is still controversial. Speaking to ETHealthworld Dr Rohan Krishnan, President, Federation of All India Medical Association (FAIMA) said, "Accommodation of Ukraine returned medical students in Indian colleges is next to impossible because in our country the examination system is very strict and we cannot allow anyone to join in between courses, because the curriculum of Ukraine and the curriculum of India is entirely different, also a lot of aspirants who are having a higher rank than those who have opted for Ukraine did not join the colleges because they wanted to join in India itself. So it will be unfair for those students who have a superior rank and did not take admission in foreign countries." Supporting Dr Krishnan's statement, Dr JA Jayalal, Immediate Past National President, Indian Medical Association (IMA) said, "The system of Indian medical education already has 95,000 graduates, accommodating these students in Indian colleges will set a very badmprecedent, and it will cause a lot of difficulty to the Indian medical education system. Thegovernment has decided that these students can only continue from a similar system of medical education in other countries. A lot of universities have come forward, including Russian universities to support the students. Some of the students have migrated, and those who have a problem with finance are not able to transfer." Although the academic mobility programme issued by the NMC provides opportunities, it also raises a challenge in terms of affordability. Commenting on the academic mobility programme Dr Krishnan said, "It is a welcoming move that these students have been allowed to take in the academic programme and continue their studies. But again, the affordability of medical education Speaking about the acceptance of online classes for Ukraine returned medical students Dr Jayalal said, "NMC policy is that online education mode cannot be accepted, and this decision is taken after a widespread discussion among the doctors and various administrative bodies which consider it mandatory." Adding to this Dr Krishnan stated, "Medicine requires bedside teaching. It requires a lot of patient-student interaction. So I welcome the move of NMC regarding the physical system because healthcare set-up, healthcare infrastructure, and healthcare facilities deal with people's life. It cannot be compromised at any level and the quality of doctors is of the utmost importance." As NMC does not consider online classes as a valid option, Dr Jayalal advised, "Those who have completed the four-and-a-half-year course and are in their final year were permitted to appear for the FMG examination, but we have asked them to do two years of internship, that is an order which is passed by the NMC. But the problem comes with the people who are in the first year and second year and continuing their course through online education, my only advice to these students is they should take it as a challenge. They should reappear for the Neet UG examination and get into the Indian medical education system. The accommodation of Ukraine-returned medical students in Indian medical colleges, and acceptance of online education has become controversial in the country. However, to resolve all these issues NMC has initiated an academic mobility programme, but five months since the mobility programme launched students have voiced certain difficulties regarding the programme and are struggling with their medical careers. This highlights the need for immediate government intervention and provide a resolution for a better future for these stranded medical students.
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Ukraine was the most visited country in the Eastern Europe. The visitors of international community entail mainly students and candidates willing to pursue higher studies in the medical field such as Dentistry, Pharmacy and Nursing. The medical programs are available in different languages like French, Russian apart from English.

The universities in Ukraine were cost effective and can be enrolled for the admissions in different medical courses. To pursue medical course in medicine the candidate has to clear the basic eligibility points. Once through, the candidate can study medicine and can avail numerous academic benefits from universities. Keeping the international community of the students in mind, the fee structure has been kept quite nominal along with the living costs.

Reasons to study in Ukraine
There are several reasons credible making the intent of the students to pursue higher education in Ukraine.

World-class education.
Cosmopolitan environment making culture rich and vivid.
Affordable tuition fees and living expenses.
Multilingual classes.
Easy to apply and enroll.
Course Duration of Medical Programs in Ukraine
There are various courses available in the Ukrainian varsities. However, the best opted programs for the international students are as follows:

Medicine: The course duration is six years and the candidate is awarded with the degree of MBBS.
Dental: The course duration is five years and the candidate is awarded BDS degree.
Paediatrics: The course duration is six years and the candidate is awarded with the degree of MBBS (Paediatrics).
Nursing: The candidate has to complete the course in two years after which the degree of Bachelors of Nursing is awarded.
Dental Orthopaedic: The course tenure is of two years and the awarded degree is Bachelor of Dental Orthopaedics.
Post Graduation in Medicine: The duration of the course varies form 2-3 years depending on the specialization.
The Crux
Ukraine was the international destination of the east Europe for the medical studies. The candidates from different countries are arriving Ukraine to pursue higher studies in the field of medicine. To keep the pace with the western universities, the Ukrainian universities provide world class education and collaboration with the medical institutes so that their students to get better exposure and training for students.

To study in Europe, Ukraine was the best option. Choose the program according to your interest to reach the pinnacle of success.

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TRAGEDY, Ukraine returned medical students future hang in uncertainty.

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26.02.2023, Bhubaneswar, Barish kumar samantaroy, Here to state that India has recently overtaken the UK to become the fifth largest economy in the world. What is the nominal GDP of India in 2022? India's nominal GDP in 2022 is $3.8 trillion. According to the World Economy Ranking 2022, which are the countries with the 10 largest economies in the world.
Currently, the largest slices of the pie are held by the United States, China, Japan, Germany, and India, which together account for more than half of global GDP. Just five countries make up more than half of the world's entire GDP in 2022: the U.S., China, Japan, India, and Germany.
The report mentioned that a sharp rebound in economic activity in the post-pandemic era was led by a rise in domestic demand. It has resulted in GDP growing by 8.7% in the fiscal year 2021/22, making India the fastest-growing major economy in the world economy.
"India has been among the fastest-growing major economies because of the timely and proactive interventions of the government. The 'Aatmanirbhar Bharat' initiative, in particular, has evoked great response among the people at large," Murmu said in her Republic Day speech.
India to surpass Japan as Asia’s 2nd largest economy by 2030’

India’s nominal GDP is forecast to rise from $2.7 trillion in 2021 to $8.4 trillion by 2030’.

India is likely to overtake Japan as Asia’s second-largest economy by 2030 when its GDP is also projected to surpass that of Germany and the U.K. to rank as the world’s No.3, IHS Markit said in a report on Friday.

Currently, India is the Fifth-largest economy, behind the U.S., China, Japan, and Germany.

Lastly to End with is Will India become a superpower?
Several commentators suggest that India has the potential to become a global superpower, a state with an extensive ability to exert influence or to project power in much of the world. Factors that contribute to a nation acquiring such clout can be economic, political, demographic, miltary and cultural.